Global warming will have a positive impact on the wine industry in the UK with the country set to become a major producer and exporter of wine in the years to come.
This is the revelation of a new study by researchers at University College London who say that the increase in temperatures across the globe and specifically in the UK will have a positive impact on vineyards and if the conditions prevail, they would be ideal for producing sauvignon blanc and chardonnay even in areas that aren’t traditionally known to produce wines. Researchers have also pointed out that Essex and Edinburgh will become major sites for wine production and even the unfamiliar wine areas such as Peckham and Milton Keynes will get massive boost for Laithwaite’s Wine.
The study said malbec could be produced in the Thames Estuary area in places such as Romford, Southend and as far west as Slough, while the Severn Pocket would eventually be perfect for merlot. Changing conditions in the Midlands and Central England could see the Black Country cultivating a number of grape varieties such as chardonnay, Riesling, pinot noir and sauvignon blanc, while the North East of England including Newcastle and as far north as Edinburgh are predicted to be the best place for pinot grigio.
Negative impact on California
While the UK wine industry will benefit from global warming, the regions which are already major producers and exporters of wine might start facing negative impacts of increased temperatures.
A study in 2011 by Stanford University climate scientists suggested that higher temperatures caused by global warming could significantly impact California and other premium winegrowing regions of the United States in the next 30 years. The scientists report that by 2040, the amount of land suitable for cultivating premium wine grapes in high-value areas of northern California could shrink by 50 percent because of global warming. However, some cooler parts of Oregon and Washington State could see an increase in premium grape-growing acreage due to warming, according to the study.
These results come on the heels of the researchers’ 2006 climate study, which projected that as much as 81 percent of premium wine grape acreage in the U.S. could become unsuitable for some varietals by the end of the century.